MENA refers to the Middle East and North Africa. It covers areas from Morocco to Iran. It includes all Middle Eastern countries. It consists of about 381 million population. It includes all Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Iran, Iraq and other Arab countries. It is the reason that it is also known as the Arab world. But it is controversial to call MENA region as the Arab world.
Health care system of MENA countries
The health of people depends on health care system in that region. It should be strong to get rid of diseases to the people. The Middle East and North African countries face problems related to health care system for people. These countries are developing their health care system to better facilitate people living in that countries. World health organization addresses that there are 60% diseases in the Middle East and North African countries which are non-communicable. This has been increased during recent five years. Demands of the health care system have increased due to certain factors.
The Middle East and North American countries have developed their social economic sector which increased the income level of people in these countries. Due to this factor, demands for proper and high-class health care system has increased in these countries. International diabetes federation has estimated that one in 10 adults in these countries faces the problem of diabetes. It means people are suffering from other chronic diseases as well. The shift in demand of health care system occurred.
Health system challenges in MENA
MENA region has to face challenges to ensure good health care system for people in these countries. They have to face multiple challenges due to certain internal and external factors such politics and economy. Some of the challenges are
Better health leads to live longer
In the past century, health care system in the Middle East and North African countries has improved. Due to this improved health care system, the longevity of life has increased for people. Now the average age expectancy has increased by more than twenty-five years for people.
Meeting development goals
Child mortality rate has decreased during the last five years in the Middle East and North African countries. But it is still high in certain regions such as Djibouti and Yemen. The effectiveness of health care system depends on the maternal mortality. It is an important indicator for this purpose.
Increase in non-communicable diseases
In MENA, non-communicable diseases have increased as countries took the transition from traditional to modern health risks. These diseases include back and neck pain, depressive disorder, and heart diseases. These chronic diseases may lead to the death of people in different countries. These diseases are increasing among young women and men in these countries. One major reason behind these chronic diseases is consumption of tobacco. This has increased death rates of people. To combat these diseases, countries are introducing multiple programs to arouse awareness in people about consumption of tobacco. In Egypt, death rates are decreased by 11% due to these awareness programs.
So, health care system of MENA region is improved due to certain factors. But still, this has to face multiple challenges to better get improved health care system.